Challenging Empires : Open Space and Dissent in Movement

Suggested readings : Part 1 - Open Space, Civility, and Discontent

S2, September 14 : Movements and the Challenge to Empires


Possible case studies : The World Social Forum; the international campaigns around the Narmada dams project in India; the MDB (Multilateral Development Banks) Campaign. What is a ‘movement’ ?


Dan Brook, March 2006 – ‘A Politics of Politics : Routine and Insurgent Tactics’, in Political Affairs, March 2006

Caixia Dong, 1997 – ‘Seeds of Democracy: The Chinese Students' Movement in 1989’, in Staffan Lindberg and Arni Sverisson eds, 1997 - Social Movements and Development : The Challenge of Globalisation and Democratisation (London : St. Martin’s Press)

Boaventura de Sousa Santos, 2004a – ‘The World Social Forum : Toward A Counter-Hegemonic? Globalization’, in Jai Sen, Anita Anand, Arturo Escobar, and Peter Waterman, eds, forthcoming – World Social Forum : Challenging Empires (New Delhi : Viveka), pp 235-245. Available at http://www.choike.org/nuevo_eng/informes/1557.html. (external link) Based on first part of paper presented at the XXIV International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Dallas, USA, March 27-29 2003. First draft, 35 pp. Can be consulted at and cited from http://www.ces.fe.uc.pt/bss/fsm.php=A9 (external link) Boaventura de Sousa Santos

Arturo Escobar, 2004 - ‘Other Worlds Are (Already) Possible : Self-Organisation?, Complexity, and Post-Capitalist? Cultures’, in Jai Sen, Anita Anand, Arturo Escobar, and Peter Waterman, eds, 2004 – World Social Forum : Challenging Empires (New Delhi : Viveka), pp 349-358. Available at http://www.choike.org/nuevo_eng/informes/1557.html. (external link) Edited version of ‘Other Worlds Are (Already) Possible : Cyber-Internationalism? and Post-Capitalist? Cultures. Draft Notes for the Cyberspace Panel, Life after Capitalism Programme, World Social Forum, Porto Alegre, January 23-28’. Available on www.zmag.org/lac.htm (external link)

Manuel Garreton, 1997 – ‘Social Movements and Democratisation’, in Staffan Lindberg and Arni Sverisson eds, 1997 - Social Movements and Development : The Challenge of Globalisation and Democratisation (London : St. Martin’s Press)

Margaret E Keck and Kathryn Sikkink, 1998 - Activists Beyond Borders, Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca : Cornell University Press

Sanjeev Khagram, James V Riker, and Kathryn Sikkink, eds, March 2002 - Restructuring World Politics, Transnational Social Movements, Networks, and Norms. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota

Tomás Mac Sheoin and Nicola Yeates, 2006 December 2004 – ‘Division and Dissent in the Anti-Globalisation? Movement’, in S Dasgupta and Ray Kiely, eds, 2006 - Globalization and After. New Delhi : Sage

Brian Martin, 1999 – ‘Suppression of dissent in science’, @ http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/pubs/99rsppp.html. (external link) Published in Research in Social Problems and Public Policy, Volume 7, edited by William R Freudenburg and Ted I K Youn (Stamford, CT: JAI Press), pp 105-135. This version may have slight differences from the published version /

Brian Martin, nd – ‘Brian Martin : Publications on whistleblowing and suppression of dissent’, @ http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/pubs/supp.html. (external link) Contact @ email:

Laura Macdonald, 2004 – ‘Gendering Transnational Social Movement Analysis : Women’s Groups Contest Free trade in the Americas’, in Joe Bandy and Jackie Smith, eds, 2004 – Coalitions across Borders, Transnational Protest and the Neoliberal Order (Boulder and New York, USA, Toronto, and Oxford : Rowman & Littlefield), pp 21-41

Alberto Melucci, 1988 – ‘Social Movements and the Democratization of Everyday Life’, in John Keane, ed, 1988 - Civil Society and the State (London : Verso)

Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, 2000 - Empire. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press

August H Nimtz Jr, 1999 – ‘Marx and Engels – The Unsung Heroes of the Democratic Breakthrough’, in Science & Society 63(2), pp 203-231

August H Nimtz Jr, 2000 – Marx and Engels : Their Contribution to the Democratic Breakthrough. Albany, NY : State University of New York Press

Gail Omvedt, 1993a - Reinventing Revolution, New Social Movements and the Socialist Tradition in India. New York : East Gate, and Armonk (NY) : M E Sharpe

Gail Omvedt, 1994 - ‘Peasants, Dalits and Women : Democracy and India’s New Social Movements’, in Journal of Contemporary Asia Vol 24, No 1, 1994, pp 35-48

Devraj Pillay, 1996 - ‘Social Movements, Development and Democracy in Post-Apartheid? South Africa’, J K Coetzee and J Graaff eds, 1996 - Reconstruction, Development and People (London: International Thomson Publishing)

Aaron Pollack, August 1999 – ‘Epistemological Struggle and International Organizing : Applying The Experience of The Zapatista Army Of National Liberation’. Working Paper 295, The Institute of Social Studies, The Hague

Thomas Ponniah and William Fisher, 2004 - ‘Under a tree in Porto Alegre: democracy in its most radical sense’, in Jai Sen, Anita Anand, Arturo Escobar, and Peter Waterman, eds – World Social Forum : Challenging Empires (New Delhi : Viveka), pp 178-182, @ www.choike.org/documentos/wsf_s310_ponniah.pdf. (external link) Edited version of : Thomas Ponniah and William Fisher, interviewed by Solana Larsen, February 2003 - ‘Under a tree in Porto Alegre: democracy in its most radical sense’, on openDemocracy, http://www.opendemocracy.net/debates/article-6-91-954.jsp (external link)

Jai Sen, December 1999 - ‘A World to Win – But whose world is it, anyway ?’, Chapter 9 in John W Foster and Anita Anand, eds, 1999 - Whose World is it Anyway ? Civil Society, the United Nations, and the multilateral future (Ottawa : United Nations Association in Canada), pp 337-390

Jai Sen, March 2006 – ‘Understanding the World Social Forum : The WSF as an Emergent Learning Process - Notes on the Dynamics of Change’, in Mainstream (New Delhi), March 25 2006, pp 9-24. Available at http://www.openspaceforum.net/twiki/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=34 (external link)

Teivo Teivainen, forthcoming 2006 – ‘External Depoliticization of the World Social Forum : Can the Forum Speak ?’, Chapter 8 in his Democracy in Movement : The World Social Forum as a Process of Political Learning. Unfinished draft, 18 March 2006, for book to be published in late 2006 by Routledge, London

Paul Wapner, 1996 - Environmental Activism and World Civic Politics. Albany, New York : State University of New York


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